is a cereal grain, originating in Levant region is now being cultivated worldwide, and is considered as staple food in different regions around the globe. According to statistics, wheat is the major source of protein derived from vegetables.
Wheat can not only be ground into flour, but also germinated and dried to produce malt, ground to produce semolina and crushed to produce cracked wheat. Other known formats of wheat used for human food are bulgar or groats. This food grain is an excellent source of protein, dietary fiber, niacin, phosphorus and manganese to name a few.
is a native of Eurasia and is grown in the temperate climates across the globe. Barley, previously used as animal fodder, is also used for preparation of beer and distilled beverages. Presently, it is used in different health foods and soups and stews among various cultures.
Barley is also known for its health benefits and contains essential nutrients like proteins, B vitamins, dietary fibers, and dietary minerals like calcium, magnesium, manganese, potassium, sodium and zinc. Eating barley regularly can improve regulation of the blood sugar levels, and cholesterol levels.
the seed of grass Orzya sativa, is the largest consumed staple food in the world. It is the third highest produced food commodity after maize and sugarcane. Rice can be grown in different regions, and in different environments based on the water availability. In general, water logged area is not an optimal growth condition for rice. However, the crop can survive water logged area and floods.
Unmilled rice, commonly called paddy, is harvested when the moisture condition of the grains is approximately 25%. Asia is by far the largest producer of rice, and it is a staple diet in most Asian countries.
Corn or maize, is a native grain plant of Mexico. There are six major types of corns – namely dent, flint, pod, pop, flour and sweet corn. Corns, in any form are an amazing source of niacin, thiamin, pantothenic acid, folate and B vitamins. Moreover, corn pods also contain antioxidant benefits, and contain cartenoids.
Corn is a source of excellent fiber – both soluble and insoluble. The fibers are extremely helpful for healthy gut bacteria. Corns or maize is a staple diet in Mexico, and can be found in almost every food items, which adds to the flavor of the foods.